Royce Votes on Personal Wealth, Ethics, and Term Limits

Ed Royce (CA-39)

Significant Findings

Has received more than $3,700,000 in taxpayer-funded salary as a U.S. Congressman, and had voted to raise his own pay five times

Since joining congress, Royce’s wealth has increased by as much as 56%

Voted against establishing the Office of Congressional Ethics

Broke his pledge to leave Washington after 12 years in office

 

Biography

Ed Royce

Ed Royce is a Member of Congress representing California’s 39th Congressional District and has served in that position since 1993.

◊ Appointed Chair of the House Foreign Affairs Committee in 2013

◊ Elected to Congress in 1993

◊ Served in the California State Senate from 1983 to 1992

Royce Benefited From The Perks Of Congress

 

Royce Has Received $4,153,316 In Taxpayer Funded Salary including $3,744,400 As A U.S. Congressman

When Royce first took office in Congress, he made $133,600 as a Congressional salary.
Today, Royce receives a Congressional salary of $174,000, an increase of $40,400.
Over his 24 years in Congress, Royce has received a total of $3,744,400 in taxpayer-funded salary.

Year

Congressional Salary

1993

$133,600

1994

$133,600

1995

$133,600

1996

$133,600

1997

$133,600

1998

$136,700

1999

$136,700

2000

$141,300

2001

$145,100

2002

$150,000

2003

$154,700

2004

$158,100

2005

$162,100

2006

$165,200

2007

$165,200

2008

$169,300

2009

$174,000

2010

$174,000

2011

$174,000

2012

$174,000

2013

$174,000

2014

$174,000

2015

$174,000

2016

$174,000

TOTAL

$3,744,400

Royce Received $408,916 In Taxpayer Funded Salary As A California State Legislator

When Royce first took office in the California State Senate, he made $28,110 as a state senator.
When he left the California State Senate, he received a $52,500 salary.
Over his ten year stint as a state legislator, Royce received a total of $408,916 in salary.

Year

State Senate Salary

1983

$28,110

1984

$33,732

1985

$33,732

1986

$37,105

1987

$37,105

1988

$40,816

1989

$40,816

1990

$52,500

1991

$52,500

1992

$52,500

TOTAL

$408,916

Royce Voted To Raise His Own Pay

Royce Cast Five Votes That Can Be Interpreted As Votes In Favor Of A Pay
Raise

  1.  2013: Royce voted against continuing appropriations that blocked COLA for members.
    [Congressional Research Service, 6/21/16; CQ, 10/16/13; HR2775, Vote #550, 10/16/13]

  2. 2011: Royce voted against a motion that included language to block COLA for members.
    [CRS, 6/20/13; HR 3630, Vote #922, 12/13/11]

  3. 2010: Royce voted against freezing Congress base pay, effectively freezing congressional pay.
    [CRS, 6/21/16; CQ, 12/21/10; HR 3082, Vote #662, 12/21/10]

  4. 2009: Royce voted against a bill including a provision to block automatic pay increases for members of Congress.
    [CRS, 6/21/16; CQ, 2/25/09; HR 1105, Vote #86, 2/25/09]

  5. 2007: Royce voted against an appropriations bill that included language to block COLA for members.
    [CQ Bill Analysis, 2/23/07; H J Res 20, Vote #72, 1/31/07]

DETAILS

  1. 2013: Royce Voted Against Continuing Appropriations That Blocked COLA For Members.
    In May 2014, Royce voted NO on a bill that would provide $3.3 billion for legislative branch operations, excluding Senate operations, in fiscal 2015.
    The total would include $1.2 billion for House operations, $595 million for the Library of Congress, $519.6 million for the Government Accountability Office, $488.6 million for the Architect of the Capitol and $348 million for the Capitol Police.
    This is according to the Congressional Research Service, “The Continuing Appropriations Act, 2014 (P.L. 113-46, Section 146, enacted October 17, 2013),
    prohibited the scheduled 2014 pay adjustment for Members of Congress.”
    A vote YES was a vote to block pay increases. The bill passed 285-144.
    [CRS,6/21/16; CQ,10/16/13; HR2775,Vote #550, 10/16/13]

  2. 2011: Royce Voted Against A Motion That Included Language To Block COLA For Members.
    In 2011, Royce voted NO on a motion to recommit that included language blocking member pay increases.
    According to the CRS, “Section 5421(b)(1) of H.R. 3630, as introduced in the House, would have prohibited any adjustment for Members of Congress prior to December 31, 2013.
    Section 706 of the motion to recommit also contained language freezing Member pay.”
    A vote of YES was a vote to block pay increases.
    The motion was rejected 183-244.
    [CRS, 6/20/13; HR 3630, Vote #922, 12/13/11]

  3. 2010: Royce Voted Against Freezing GS Base Pay, Effectively Freezing Congressional Pay.
    In December 2010, Royce voted NO a motion to concur in the Senate amendment to the House amendment to the Senate amendment to the bill.
    The Senate amendment would continue most appropriations at fiscal 2010-enacted levels through March 4, 2011.
    The measure would provide an overall annualized spending rate that is $1.16 billion more than fiscal 2010 levels.
    It would provide additional funding for the Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP) and Pell grants.
    It also would allow the awarding of a Navy contract for shipbuilding of Littoral Combat Ships to multiple suppliers.
    According to the Congressional Research Service, “P.L. 111-322, which was enacted on December 22, 2010, prohibited any adjustment in GS base pay before December 31, 2012.
    Since the percent adjustment in Member pay may not exceed the percent adjustment in the base pay of GS employees, Member pay also was frozen during this period.”
    A vote of YES was a vote to block pay increases. The bill passed 193-165 and became Public Law No: 111-322 on December 22, 2010.
    [CRS, 6/21/16; CQ, 12/21/10; HR 3082, Vote #662, 12/21/10]

  4. 2009: Royce Voted Against A Bill Including A Provision To Block Automatic Pay Increases For Members Of Congress.
    In February 2009, Royce voted NO on a bill that would provide $410 billion in discretionary spending in fiscal 2009 for federal departments and agencies covered by nine unfinished fiscal 2009 spending bills.
    The measure incorporates the following previously separate appropriations bills from the 110th Congress:
    Agriculture; Commerce-Justice-Science; Energy-Water; Financial Services; Interior-Environment; Labor-HHS-Education; Legislative Branch; State-Foreign Operations; and Transportation-HUD.
    It would also provide $100 million for the U.S. Secret Service and block the automatic cost-of-living adjustment for members of Congress in 2010.
    According to the Congressional Research Service,
    “The provision prohibiting the 2010 Member pay adjustment was added to H.R. 1105 through the adoption of the rule providing for consideration of the bill (H.Res. 184).
    The rule provided that the provision, which was printed in the report accompanying the resolution,34 would be considered as adopted.”
    A vote of YES was a vote to block pay increases.
    The bill passed 245-178.
    [CRS, 6/21/16; CQ, 2/25/09; HR 1105, Vote #86, 2/25/09]

  5. 2007: Royce Voted Against An Appropriations Bill That Included Language To Block COLA For Members.
    In January 2007, Royce voted NO on a motion that would prohibit a scheduled Congressional pay raise from going into effect as part of further Fiscal Year 2007 appropriations.
    A vote of YES was a vote to block pay increases.
    The motion passed 286-140.
    [CQ Bill Analysis, 2/23/07; H J Res 20, Vote #72, 1/31/07]

NOTE: When using this research, keep in mind that Royce has also voted on various occasions against raising his own pay.

Royce’s Wealth Increased As Much As 56% While In Congress

When Royce first took office, his net worth was estimated between $350,002 and $750,000.
In 2016, after 24 years in Congress, Royce’s net worth grew to between an estimated $425,018 and $1,176,002.
Royce’s net worth increased by at least 21% and as much as 56% while in Congress.
[Royce 2016 Public Financial Disclosure Report, filed 5/15/17; Royce 1992 Public Financial Disclosure Report, filed 5/17/93]

Graph of Royce's Assets

*NOTE: Royce’s net worth increase was calculated by comparing Royce’s 1992 and 2016 minimum and maximum asset values, based on his personal financial disclosures.
While Royce’s first year in Congress was not technically until 1993, Royce’s personal financial disclosure for 1993 was unattainable.
Therefore, Royce’s net worth while in Congress was calculated based on his net worth in 1992.

Royce Voted Against Establishing The Office Of Congressional Ethics

2008: Royce Voted Against Establishing The Office Of Congressional Ethics.
In 2008, Royce voted against “adoption of the self-executing rule (H Res 1031) that would provide for automatic adoption of the resolution that would establish an Office of Congressional Ethics to consider alleged violations by House members and employees.”
The rule was adopted 229 to 182.
[H Res 1031, Vote #122, 3/11/08; CQ Floor Votes, 3/11/08]

Republican Conference Voted To “Effectively Kill” The Office Of Congressional Ethics

 House Republican Conference Voted Behind Closed Doors To Take Away The Independence Of The Office Of Congressional Ethics.
“On the evening of Jan. 2, members of the House Republican Conference voted to change how the U.S. House of Representatives handles allegations of ethical misbehavior.
The vote — done with essentially no advance discussion and behind closed doors on a holiday
— was not proposed by the party’s leadership, but it won wide support among rank-and-file members.
After controversy, they quickly reversed course the next day.
The change would have placed the sole independent player within the House’s ethics enforcement system
— the Office of Congressional Ethics — under the control of the House Ethics Committee, which is populated by the lawmakers themselves.”
[Politifact, 1/3/17]

 

The Proposal Was Approved 119 To 74, With No Recorded Individual Votes, As An Amendment To The Rules Package For The 115th Congress.
“The proposal was approved by GOP lawmakers by a 119-74 margin (we know the total but individual lawmakers’ votes were not recorded)
as an amendment to a rules package that needed to be taken up in advance of the opening of the 115th Congress, which was the following day.”
[Politifact, 1/3/17]

 

The Amendment Would Have Put Lawmakers In Charge Of The Office, Kept Staff From Speaking Publicly Without Approval Of Lawmakers, And Prevented The Investigation Of Anonymous Tips.
“The amendment approved by Republicans on Jan. 2 would have put the House Ethics Committee — the lawmakers themselves — in charge of the office.
Other provisions of the amendment would keep staff from speaking publicly without the House Ethics Committee’s consent,
prevent the office from investigating anonymous tips, and renaming it the ‘Office of Congressional Complaint Review.’
The change ‘improves upon due process rights for individuals under investigation, as well as witnesses called to testify,’ said Rep. Robert Goodlatte, R-Va, who sponsored the measure.
‘The OCE has a serious and important role in the House, and this amendment does nothing to impede their work.’
[Politifact, 1/3/17]

 

New York Times: Change Would “Effectively Kill” The Office Of Congressional Ethics.
“House Republicans, overriding their top leaders, voted on Monday to significantly curtail the power of an independent ethics office set up in 2008 in the aftermath of corruption scandals that sent three members of Congress to jail.
The move to effectively kill the Office of Congressional Ethics was not made public until late Monday, when Representative Robert W. Goodlatte, Republican of Virginia and chairman of the House Judiciary Committee, announced that the House Republican Conference had approved the change.”
[New York Times, 1/2/17]

Royce Broke His Pledge To Leave Washington After 12 Years

Royce Supported And Voted For A 12-Year Lifetime Limit For Members Of The House And Senate

1994: Orange County Register: Royce Supported “12-Year Term Limits In The House And Senate.”
“Members of the lower house of Congress offer and consider legislation, originating money bills.
Members serve on committees and represent the constituents of their districts.
Orange County includes all or a portion of six districts.
Term: two years. Salary: $133,600.
Each candidate was asked about term limits, converting the local economy from one heavy on defense-related jobs, closing the San Clemente immigration checkpoint, and dealing with social problems involving the welfare system and unwed mothers. […]
Ed Royce, Republican Royce, 43, of Fullerton, was elected to the House in 1992.
He also served in the state Senate. Before that, he was a capital projects manager.
To strengthen anti-stalking and repeat-violent-offender accountability legislation.
To reform House rules so that lawmakers have time to review measures before voting on them.
To force Congress to abide by the laws it imposes.
TERM LIMITS: Favors 12-year term limits in the House and Senate.” [Orange County Register, 10/30/94]

1995: Royce Voted For A 12-Year Lifetime Limit For House Members And Senators.
In March 1995, Royce voted for “Passage of the joint resolution to propose a constitutional amendment to impose a 12-year lifetime limit on congressional service in each chamber.”
[H.J.Res 73, Vote #277, 3/29/95]

2017: Royce Has Served 24 Years, 11 Full Terms, In Congress.
[CQ Roll Call, accessed 9/13/17]